Ice pack (with coolant)
Storage: Please store in a refrigerator or freezer. Ice packs witch never harden in the freezer are recommended to use.
Fixation: Please fix ice packs with an elastic bandage or ice wrap, and be careful not to get frostbite. If frost is attached on the surface, or if the temperature of refrigerant is not higher than 0°C due to the storage for a long time, put the ice packs outside of the freezer for a while. It is recommended that athletes should apply elastic bandage under the icing body parts, not applying icing packs directly to the skin.
Ice pack (with ice cubes)
How to make: A plastic bag is filled with ice. For use at the waist, large sized plastic bags for plastic buckets are useful. Please choose appropriate size of the plastic bag according to the body parts.
Put ice in about half of the plastic bag. It is important to release the air from the bag as much as possible. (Photo1) Them, the surface of the bag flattens, and ice could cover the wide area of the affected part.
Fixation: An ice wrap or elastic bandage is used for fixation, and an underwrap is also used for fixation (Photo 3).
Photo 1: Releasing air
Photo 2: Fixation with ice wrap, elastic bandage, underwrap
Use: Please use a bucket of ice water (Photo 3). Using buckets is suitable the parts such as foot, hand and elbow parts. If the size of the ice water container is large, the lower limbs and the whole body could also be iced.
Recommended for 3-joint, foot, hand, and elbow, icing.
Use: Please remove the cap, put ice in, and shake the clicker when you use. Usage is the same as for ice cups. The ice cup may melt and allow water to flow out, but the clicker does not allow water to flow out. Especially the ice massager is recommended to care for lumber parts (Photo). If the ice massager does not move smoothly, an anti-inflammatory analgesic ointment may be used as a lubricant.
Preparation: Please use ice made bu an ice-making machine. Block ice sold in stores had better to be broken into small pieces before placing into the bag. The bag can be inflated by blowing, and ice can be placed smoothly. When ice is put in, the bag is pressed from the top and flattened. At the same time, the air is removed (Photo 5).
Fixation: The cap is tightly closed by turning the cap and bag parts in opposite directions, which will make it easier to handle. Elastic bandages are often used to secure ice packs to the injured area because the bag is often displaced in case of fixing by ice wrap alone . The cap had better to be put on outside of the part to drain the dissolved water (Photo 6).
It is also recommended to use a set of supports for fixation and ice bags which are available on the market and do not require easy wrapping of elastic bandages.
Photo 5: Air is released while putting the ice bag flattened
Photo 6: Please keep the icing bag’s cap uncovered with tapes.
Products in the Zamst icing category are here.
Ice cup (ice massage)
Preparation: Use a paper cup or special cup to make ice and apply it to the part to be iced.
Use: For muscles, move along the course of the muscles, and for joints and ligaments, move around the affected area thoroughly (Photo 7).
Photo 7: How to carry it varies depending on the area and the parts to be iced.
There are the points to remember when performing icing. Please pay attention to the body’s response to cold stimulus during icing.
1. Case of hypersensitivity
Icing should not be used if the patient is hypersensitive to a cold stimulus. Hypersensitivity is a condition in which the skin becomes blue-purple (cyanosis) due to cold urticaria or decreased blood flow.
It should be aware when frost is attended on the surface of the ice or cooling material. In such cases, the sample should be left at room temperature for a while (after the surface has been released) before use. Frostbite may also occur if the icing period is too long.
3. Decreased body temperature
Icing covering wide area or long period may cause body temperature lower. Please be aware especially in situations where body temperature is likely to be decreased, such as in winter or in rainy weather.